PPTOK :您身边最贴心好用的PPT站!

您当前所在位置:极速赛车APP > PPT课件 > 教育培训PPT → 英语音标讲解ppt

英语音标讲解ppt

  • 素材大小:6.37 MB
  • 素材授权:免费下载
  • 更新时间:2018-10-08
  • 素材类别:教育培训PPT
  • 素材格式:.ppt
  • 关键提要:英语音标讲解,英语
  • 素材版本:PowerPoint2003及以上版本(.ppt)
网友评分:
PPT介绍优秀PPT相关PPT精品PPT

极速赛车APP这是英语音标讲解ppt下载,主要介绍了国际音标简介;元音分类;辅音分类;单元音;双元音;辅音,欢迎点击下载。

PPT预览

英语音标讲解ppt

PPT内容

极速赛车APP1,学习英语首先是掌握英语音标,记录英语音素的符号叫作音标。音标通常放在两条斜线(//)内. 2,英语语言在其发展的历史进程中产生了繁多的音标种类。而我们要学习的,同时也是教科书中所采用的最新“国际音标” 。 3,最新“国际音标”共有48个音素,由发音时气流是否受阻可分辅音和元音两大类。在发音过程中由气流通过口腔或鼻腔不受阻碍而发出的音叫元音;在发音过程中由气流通过口腔或鼻腔受阻碍而发出的音叫辅音. 4,英语辅音和元音在英语语言中的作用,就相当于汉语中的声母和韵母。第二节 发音器官要想掌握好英语音标,我们要了解发音器官和发音部位,并学会运用舌,唇,软颚,硬颚等位置和形状的变化正确发出各种不同的音。为了更好的理解 各小结的发音要领描述,从而以正确的方式调动所需的发音器官,我们必须仔细学习下面的发音器官图。 发音器官图及说明第三节 元音分类最新“国际音标”中元音音素共有20个,分为单元音和双元音两种。单元音即为发音时,舌位、唇形、开口度等始终不变的元音。双元音是由两个单元音组成,发音时由一个元音向另一个元音滑动,口型有变化的元音。根据元音发音时舌位(即舌的最高点的前后位置)变化可以把单元音分为前元音,中元音,后元音。舌位在口腔前部的时候发出的元音叫做前元音。舌位在口腔中部的时候发出的元音叫做中元音。舌位在口腔后部的时候发出的元音叫做后元音。第四节 辅音分类最新“国际音标”中辅音音素共有28个. 按发音时是否振动声带可分为浊辅音和清辅音两大类。英语辅音中有许多音素是清辅成对的,即发音时,两个音素的发音器官位置相同,只有声带振动与否的区别。单元音 第二单元 第一节前元音 1,/i:/ 例词:be meat sleep believe weak 发音要领:发音时,,嘴角向两边张开,口型扁平,舌尖轻抵下齿,前舌部向上颚抬起,流露出微笑表情,发音时间持续较长。 2./i/ 例词 big , fifty, city 发音要领:发音时舌尖抵下齿,嘴唇微微张开,舌前部抬高,口型扁平,发音时间短促。 3./e/ 例词:fed best fresh Wedding 发音要领:发音时,张口程度比/i/大,上下齿之间可容纳一个食指尖,舌尖抵下齿,舌前部稍抬起。 4./ æ / 例词:at have flat stand Saturday 发音要领:发音时,舌尖抵下齿,嘴角尽量拉向两边,上下齿容纳两个指尖发音练习: A:Beef or chicken? B:Let me see. Chicken for me , please. A: Tea or coffee? B:Tea for Lee and coffee for me, please. A:I’m pleased to meet you. A:Is it chicken? B:No, it’s cheese A: Is it ready to eat? B: Yes, you needn’t heat it before you eat. 1. Jim gives Lily a big kiss 2.His little sister is sitting in the middle 3.It is still winter not spring yet. Chant: Two little kittens are sitting on the hill, one is Bill, one is Jill. Run away Bill, run away Jill. Come back Bill, come back Jill. Dialogue A:Who is this fellow? B:He is Ted A:Who is Ted? B:He’s my best pen-friend. A:How did you get to know him? B: You make a guess before I tell you. A: Hi! How’s your back? B: It’s getting btter, thanks A:Well, I’m glad to hear that. A:What’s the matter, Mary? B:I had a bad day yesterday. A:What happened? B: I went shopping and lost my bag. A:I heard you got a pet, didn’t you? B:Yes, I got a cat from Ann A:What does it look like? B:Oh, it’s black and white 第二节后元音 5,/a:/ 例词:art fast march party father 发音要领:发音时,舌身放低,后缩,舌后部拢起:口型张大,全开:声带振动,发音延续较长。 6. / כ:/ 例词:saw born course talk morning 发音要领:发音时,舌身尽量降低并收缩,舌后部抬起;双唇收圆收小,并稍向前突,发音延续较长。 7,/ כ / 例词:hot boss lost doctor want 发音要领:发音时,舌身尽量降低,并后缩,舌后部抬起:口型稍收圆,但不向前突出,发音短促。 8,/u:/ 例词:do you tooth choose rule 发音要领:发音时,舌身后缩,舌后部尽量抬起:口型较小,较圆,更突出。发音延长。 9,/ u / 例词:book good put wood push 发音要领:发音时,舌身后缩,舌后部抬起;口型收圆,稍微突出,比/u:/的口型稍放松,发音短促。 Dialogue: A:Where do you live, Mark? B: I live in the Fifth Street near the National Park. A:The National Park? Is it a large park? B:Oh, yes. It’s the largest park in the Canada. A: By the way, is there a supermarket near your place? B:Oh, yes. There’s a very large supermarket near my home. It’s also the largest in Canada. 1.The farm is far from the park. 2.Please park the car in the car park. 3.It’s very hard to start the car. 4.It will do a lot of harm to the heart. Dialogues: A: Can we have a dinner before you leave for the north? B:Thanks. But we have more things to do before leaving A:What if you run into a storm in the sea? B:We’ll wait till the storm is over. A:Have you ever been in a storm before? B:Yes. We ran into a storm last fall. 1.I was bored to death by the boring job in the shop 2.When the storm was coming, the ship had to call at a port 3.The general manager’s office is on the fourth floor at the end of the corridor. Dialogues: A:Shall we go swimming, Mary? B:I’m not in the mood A:What’s the matter? B: My daughter is trying to stay away from school. A:That’s why you are singing the blues. B:Anyway, I’ll have to work things out and put her back to school. 1.The news is too good to be true. 2.This is a once in blue moon chance 3.You must pull out the decayed tooth. 4.He bought some fruit for the group. Dialogues: A: May I have a look at the book? B: Which book? A:The book Jack gave you last week. B:You mean the book on woodcarving? A:Yes. I think it’s a very nice book. B:But what do you want it for? A: Not me. My husband wants it. He ‘s big on woodcarving. 第三节 中元音 10, /ʌ/ 例词:up but dose just rough 发音要领:舌身后缩至口腔中部,舌后部稍抬起:双唇较扁,开口较大,发音短促。 11, /ə:/ 例词:sir her third worth early 发音要领:发音时,舌位抬高,舌身放平,口型微张,双唇扁平,双唇肌肉较紧张,发音时间较长。 12, /ə/ 例词:about again teacher paper river 发音要领:发音时,舌身放平,舌中部稍抬起;口型微开,双唇扁平,双唇肌肉较放松。/ ə /在词首或词中发的较模糊,在词尾时应适当延长。 Dialogue: A:Look at this guy. He seems to have too strong lust for bucks. B:But you can’t go without money. A:And one can’t have bucks and love at the same time. B:But few girls would love a man without bucks. A:And few girls would love a man who only has bucks. B:well…er… A:Trust me. Love built on money is not true love. Dialogues: A:Who are these two girls, Mark? B:I don’t know. But one seems to be older than the other. A:Sure. The one on the right is certainly older than the one on the left. B:What is the girl on the left wearing? A:She ‘s wearing a mini-skirt B:Where are they? A:They are in the church. Dialogue A:What’s the name of this magazine? B:It’s the famous Time magazine. A:The Time magazine? What is it called in Chinese? B:It’s 时代周刊 in Chinese. A:Can people in China have access to the magazine? B:Yes,they can. 13./ei/ 例词:eight day face gate pay 发音要领:发音由/e/向/i/自然滑动,滑动过程中,口型由半开到半合,舌位随之抬高。 A:Hey, Rachel. Did you take the test? B:No, I couldn’t make it. A:How come you couldn’t make it? B:I went to see a Broadway Play. A:What a shame! When will you take the makeup test? B:Maybe in April or May A:Mrs. Taylor is a good dressmaker, isn’t she? B:Yes. The new dress she made is great. A:Maybe I need her to make one for me. B:Wait a minute, Jane. It’s time to bake the bread. 14./əu/ 例词:old so show note cold 发音要领:发音时,由/ə/向/u/自然滑动,滑动过程中,口型逐渐由半开到小而圆,舌位由半低到高。 A:I’m going to the grocery store. Would you like to go with me? B:Sorry. I have to write a letter. A:Anything I can do for you? B:Can you get some tomatoes for me? A:OK. How many do you want? B:One kilo. Thanks. 15./ ai/ 例词: eye tie ride knife arrive 发音要领:发音时,由/ a /向/i/自然滑动,滑动过程中,口型从开到合,发此音时,注意将音发足。 All day long the sun shines bright, The moon and stars come out at night. From twilight time they line the skies. And watch the world with quiet eyes. 16./ au/ 例词:out how about cloud shout 发音要领:发音时,由/ a /向/ u /自然滑动,滑动过程中,双唇收拢收圆:口型由大到小,舌位由低到高,注意声音发足。 A:I need someone to help me with the housework B:What do you want him to do? A:Well. Milk the cow, kill the mouse, wash the towel and clean the house. B:How could you find the one that could do these things well? A: That’s what I am worried about. 17./ כ i/ 例词:boy joy join enjoy spoil 发音要领:发音时,由/ כ /向/i/自然滑动,但不到/i/时,舌位就停止。滑动的过程中,双唇逐渐由圆变扁,口型由大变小。 A:I want to buy a toy for Roy. B:For Roy? You want to buy him another toy? A:Why not? He enjoys playing with toys. B:He enjoys destroying toys, too. You’d better not spoil him. A:We are going out tomorrow. Will you and your friends join us? B:That’s a good idea, but I have an appointment . A:I guess you are going to a joint adventure for a job interview. B:That’s right. I don’t think I will miss the chance. 18./iə/ 例词:ear fear here clear near 发音要领:发音时,由/i/向/ə/自然滑动,滑动过程中,/i/发音较清楚,/ə/发音较模糊,双唇始终半开。 A: Would you like to have anything to drink? B:Yes.I’d love to have some beer. A:How do you like it, iced or without ice? B:Without ice. I don’t want to have the taste spoiled. A:Here you are. B:Thanks. Oh, it’s very good beer. A:I’m glad you like it. By the way, what’s your plan for the summer holiday? B: I’ve no idea. Maybe I’ll be going surfing with Jack. A:What about going surfing together? B:That’s a good idea. 19./eə/ 例词:air care hair share parent 发音要领:发音时,由/e/向/ə/自然滑动。第一个成分/e/有似于/ei/,但开口比/ei/大。滑动过程中,开口程度稍稍收小。 A: Where will the trade fair be held, Jack? B: The trade fair will be held in the Town Hall. A: Why don’t you go there for your pears? B:I don’t think we can sell the pears at such a trade fair. A:Do you know that Mike has been meddling with your business? B:Yes, I do. But I don’t care what he has been doing. He won’t harm us a hair. A:Does your boss know that? B:Yes, he does. But Mike didn’t seem to get in his hair. 20./uə/ 例词:poor tour sure rural Europe 发音要领:发音时,由/u/向/ə/自然滑动,滑动过程中,口型由收圆变为半开。 A: It’s a pity that there are fewer and fewer well-preserved old structures. B:Yes. And I’m sure they will totally disappear in a few years’ time. A: But tourists are not interested in the high-rise modern blocks. B: The trouble is that people cannot see that point. 第一节 爆破音 1, /p/ 、 /b/ 例词:pit pay open happy proper Bit blue baby bike better 发音要领:发音时,双唇紧闭,气流突然冲开双唇,冲出口腔。/ p/是清辅音,声带不振动,/b /是浊辅音,声带振动。 2./t/、/d/ 例词:too take tie touch right Do dirt card tired would 发音要领:发音时,舌尖紧抵上齿龈,形成阻碍,然后突然张开,气流冲出口腔。 / t/ 是清辅音,声带不振动,/d/是浊辅音,声带振动。 3./k/、/g/ 例词:kick book bike dock keep Gate get egg ghost girl 发音要领:发音时,舌后部抬起,紧贴软颚,形成阻碍,气流冲开阻碍后,冲出口腔。 /k/ 是清辅音,声带不振动,/g/是浊辅音,声带振动。 A:Peter, would you like to have a meat pie? B:No, thanks. Please pour some water into the pot.I’m thirsty. A: I love you, Miss Brown. B:Sorry, Mr Black. But I love Paul. A: Miss Brown , but Paul won’t be a good husband B:Maybe not. Will you be a good husband, Mr Black? A: You bet, Miss Brown. B:But this is just your own opinion. Tongue twister: This is a hat, that is a cap This is a cat, that is a rat. The cat is in the hat, the rat is in the cap 语音小知识: -ed 在/t/、/d/结尾的动词后发/id/ He mended the radio for me They boarded the plane on time She wanted to see the film Paul admitted he made a mistake. 2.如果词中有三个辅音相连,中间的/t/、/d/通常弱化甚至脱落 Exactly, mostly, handbag, dustman, landlord 3.如果前面的词以/t/或/d/结尾,而后面有辅音开头,/t/h和/d/很容易脱落 Next week, first sight, last night, bend back, old man, world wide. -ed在清辅音结尾的动词后发/t/ We walked for a long time She stopped and have a look I reached school at 8. I missed my mother a lot. 第二节摩擦音 1,/f/ & /v/ 例词:fly far wife off laugh Very village live over save 发音要领:发音时,下唇轻触上齿 ,气流由唇齿间的缝隙通过,摩擦成音。 /f/是清辅音,声带不振动;/v/是浊辅音,声带振动。 2./θ/& /ð/ 例词:think thank thief mouth teeth This those then that 发音要领:发音时,舌尖轻触上齿背部,气流从舌齿间的缝隙送出。 / θ /是清辅音,声带不振动,/ ð /是浊辅音,声带振动。 3./s/&/z/ 例词:so sir pencil piece dress Zoo zone zero user close 发音要领:发音时,舌端靠近上齿龈,气流从舌端 和齿龈间通过,形成摩擦音。 /s/是清辅音,声带不振动,/z/是浊辅音,声带振动。 4./ ʃ/&/ ʒ/ 例词:she sheep wish sure shy Pleasure vision division decision leisure 发音要领:发音时,舌身抬起,靠近硬颚,舌端抬向上齿龈,形成狭长的通道,气流由此通过。双唇稍微收拢,并略突出。 / ʃ /是清辅音,声带不振动,/ ʒ /是浊辅音,声带振动。 5./h/ 例词:he her how who ahead 发音要领:发音时,口张大,在通过声门时,发出轻微的摩擦。气流经过口腔时,不受阻碍。 /h/是清辅音,声带不振动。 6./r/ 例词:run right cry bread red 发音要领:发音时,舌尖卷起,抬向上齿龈后部,但不发生摩擦,舌两侧稍收拢。口型略突出,气流通过时,发生轻微的摩擦。 /r/ 是浊辅音,声带振动。 A:What can I do for you? B:I’m looking for a pair of earings. A:Well, here they are. The latest style. B:How beautiful! I’ve never seen anything like them. A:Well, you can have them for eleven pounds. B:I think five is enough. A:What? Five pounds? B:Well, seven pounds,then. A:Could you pass me that book, Catherine? B: Oh, you mean this one ,father? A: No, not that one, the other one. Yes, that’s it. B:There you are, father. Is that all? A: Yes, that’s all for the moment. Thank you, Catherinr. A:He has lots of hobbies. B: And he said he’s always busy with his paintings and photographs A: He’s won a dozen prizes for his paintings and photographs. B: But as for his restaurant in the town… A:He lets his cousin look after his restaurant. B: He sounds more like an artist than a businessman. A: Sir, this will suit you. It’s in a very fashionable shade. B:But I just need a simple shirt. A: This one, perhaps. It’s got some special sewing on the sleeve. B:Can’t you show me a simple shirt in a ordinary shade? A: Why not try it on, sir? B:Perhaps I should try the next shop. A: That gives us a lot pleasure. B: What do you mean? A: Well, the lost national treasures have come back. B:I heard of that, The national treasures were stolen. A: The detective cracked the criminal case and returned the national treasures. B:It seems that measures must be taken to protect the national treasures. A: Carol, it was wrong of you to get your mother worried B: I’m so sorry I’m late. But Henry’s car broke down. A: You shouldn’t go out with Henry. B:But I do love Henry. And I’m going to marry him. A: Really, Carol, it’s a horrible decision. 第三节 破擦音 1. /t ʃ/&/ d ʒ / 例词:child check reach teach catch Job page June just judge 发音要领:舌尖舌端抬高,贴住上齿龈后部,形成阻碍。气流冲出阻碍摩擦成音。口型略突出,稍微成方型。第三节 破擦音 1. /t ʃ/&/ d ʒ / 例词:child check reach teach catch Job page June just judge 发音要领:舌尖舌端抬高,贴住上齿龈后部,形成阻碍。气流冲出阻碍摩擦成音。口型略突出,稍微成方型。 2./tr/&/dr/ 例词:try tree trick true track Dry dream dread drop drive 发音要领:舌身与/r/相似,舌尖向上卷起,并抵住上齿龈后部,气流冲出舌尖和齿龈之间的阻碍。双唇收拢,稍向前突出。 3./ts/&/dz/ 例词:pets coats gets points wants Roads aids reads seeds lands 发音要领:舌端贴住上齿龈,形成阻碍,气流冲破阻碍,口型扁平。 A:We’ll have a pleasant journey, I guess. B:Oh, it’s going to be a challenge. Having a journey by jet A:Take it easy. Just get some rest, John. B:Actually, I’m a little excited. I’ ve never taken a jumbo jet. 1. Great changes have taken place in China 2.Jenny had chicken and French fries for lunch 3.Jim urged uncle John to buy a digital watch. 4.Jane enjoyed sandwiches very much . A:How are you, Jane? B:Not bad, thanks. A:How about your children? B:They’re doing fine. These are their pictures. A:How cute they are! Which one is the oldest child? B:Oh, he is. He is Charles. A:And what an angelic child! Who is that? B:Well, that’s the youngest child. It’s Jim. A:What can I do for you? B:Well, I’ll join a make-up party, so I want my hair strangely. A:No problem. The hairdresser is coming, But your hair is very dry, let’s have a try to… B:No ,thanks, I just want to dress my hairstyle at once. A:It’s too dreadful that so many people are crowding the train. B:Yes. And the traffic is too bad A:My clothes are creased badly B:But why not dress yourself casually? A:Do you like keeping pets? B:Yes, I have two cats and one of them will have several kids next week. A:In that case, you’ll have another several new cats. B:Yes. There might be three or four. A: I would like to have one of your new cats B: No problem. A:Oh, I must prepare some pet’s things B:Well, I’ll make a list for you. 第四节 鼻音 1,/ / 例词:me my come tomorrow farm 发音要领:发音时,双唇紧闭,软颚下垂,气流从鼻腔送出,在词尾时,略需延长,以防止吞音。 2, // 例词:need name know skin nice 发音要领:发音时,舌尖紧贴上齿龈,软颚下垂,形成阻碍,气流由鼻腔送出,在词尾时,稍需延长,以防吞音。 3, // 例词:bank song singing long English 发音要领:发音时,软颚下垂,舌后部向软颚抬起,堵住口腔通道,气流从鼻腔送出。词未时,发音清晰有力,稍微延长。第五节 舌边音 / / / / 在元音前时,发音清晰,舌端 抵上齿龈,气流从舌的一侧或两侧泄出。例词:late like long low close / / 在辅音前或词末时,发音含糊。舌端也抵上齿龈,但是与清晰音相比,舌前部较低,舌后部较高,发音略长。例词:all sell pull little girl 第六节半元音 1, // 例词:we week want where would 发音要领:发音时,舌后部向软颚抬起,舌位较高。口型收圆并稍向前突出,发音短促,一经发出,立刻向后面的元音滑动,起辅音的作用。 2,// 例词:yes you young yet year 发音要领:发音时,舌前部尽量向硬颚抬起,双唇平展,口微开,舌面和硬颚稍有摩擦,该半元音一经发出,立刻向后面的元音滑动,起辅音的作用。英语最新“国际音标”发音讲解到此结束,望同学们课后认真练习,掌握发音规律,学好英语学科!

相关PPT

英语形容词ppt:这是英语形容词ppt下载,主要介绍了定语,表语,宾补;形容词的位置;形容词的比较级和最高级;比较级表示最高级的句型,欢迎点击下载。
初中英语教案ppt:这是初中英语教案ppt下载,主要介绍了观念决定行为;《牛津初中英语》总览;《牛津初中英语》编写,欢迎点击下载。
期中英语总结ppt:这是期中英语总结ppt下载,主要介绍了Module 1 My Classmates;Module 2 My Family;Module 3 My School;Module 4 Healthy Food;Pay Attention,欢迎点击下载。
《英语音标讲解ppt》是由用户饮舟于2018-10-08上传,属于教育培训PPT。

标签:

优秀PPT

缩略图

  • 英语音标讲解ppt

下载地址

  • 英语音标讲解ppt

相关PPT

推荐

颜色分类黑色PPT模板橙色PPT模板紫色PPT模板蓝色PPT模板黄色PPT模板红色PPT模板绿色PPT模板彩色PPT模板黑白PPT模板

行业分类科技PPT模板医学PPT模板教育PPT模板工业PPT模板金融PPT模板音乐PPT模板汽车房地产互联网培训手机

实用必备个人简历自我介绍年终总结职业规划述职报告工作汇报工作总结岗位竞聘公司简介发布会年会论文答辩

PPT推荐语文课件数学课件英语课件美术课件物理课件科学课件化学课件地理课件生物课件主题班会家长会绘本故事

节日PPT新年元旦节农历春节情人节元宵节三八妇女节愚人节清明节五一劳动节母亲节六一儿童节端午节

节日PPT 父亲节七夕情人节教师节中秋节国庆节重阳节万圣节光棍节感恩节平安夜圣诞节纪念日

极速赛车APP 极速赛车手机版下载 极速赛车双面盘 极速赛车APP 极速赛车APP 极速赛车手机官网 极速赛车APP下载 极速赛车APP下载 极速赛车手机官网 极速赛车手机官网